Don't Fall for It! How to Avoid Phishing Scams.

How to Avoid Phishing Scams: A Comprehensive Guide

With the rise of internet usage, cybercriminals have become more sophisticated in their attempts to steal personal information such as credit card numbers, usernames, and passwords. One of the most prevalent types of cybercrime is phishing. Phishing scams are emails or texts that appear to be from legitimate sources but are actually imposters sent by cybercriminals to steal your sensitive data.

Phishing scams can be devastating, causing financial loss and identity theft. According to the FBI, phishing scams resulted in over $1.9 billion in claimed losses in 2019 alone.

Fortunately, it is possible to avoid phishing scams by taking simple measures to stay safe online. In this article, we will explore the different types of phishing scams, how to identify them, and what actions to take if you encounter a phishing scam.

What is Phishing?

Phishing is a digital crime technique that involves tricking people into revealing confidential information, such as banking passwords, credit cards, or other personal data. The primary objective of phishing scams is to obtain sensitive information to defraud individuals or businesses. Phishing scams can come in various forms, but the most common is through email.

Types of Phishing Scams

There are various types of phishing scams, including spear-phishing, clone phishing, and whaling.

Spear-phishing is a more targeted approach where scammers prey on a specific individual or organization. They will first research the target through social media or other online sources, creating a targeted message that appears to be from a trusted source.

Clone phishing is a type of phishing scam where the imposter creates an exact replica of a legitimate email. The scammer will then insert a malicious link or attachment within the replicated email.

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Whaling is a type of spear-phishing that targets senior executives of companies or individuals with high net worth. The tactic is to impersonate a high-level executive and authorize a large monetary transfer into an account controlled by the scammer.

How to Identify a Phishing Scam

There are various ways to identify a phishing scam, including checking the sender's email address, scrutinizing URLs, and observing the tone of the email.

Check the Sender's Email Address

One common trick scammers use is to alter email addresses slightly. For example, a scammer may use instead of Always double-check the sender's email address for accuracy and legitimacy.

Scrutinize URLs

Always be wary of clicking on links within emails. Scammers use URLs that are very similar to the legitimate website, but with a small change, such as adding or removing a letter. For example, instead of, the scammer may use, with an uppercase I instead of an L.

Observe the Tone of the Email

Phishing scams tend to create a sense of urgency or fear, in attempts to prompt the receiver to act quickly without thinking. Examples of such are texts or emails that claim to be from the bank about an urgent matter that they need to review. Scammers could also come up with a convincing story that targets the receiver’s emotions to get them to reveal sensitive information.

What to Do If You Encounter a Phishing Scam

If you receive an email or text you suspect may be a phishing scam, do not open it, click on any links or attachments, or reply to it. Instead, mark it as spam or delete it immediately.

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If you do click on a link inadvertently, immediately disconnect from the internet and run an antivirus or malware scanner to detect any viruses or malware.

If you have revealed sensitive information, such as a password or bank account details, contact your bank, credit card company, or service provider as soon as possible. Notify them of your situation, and let them take the necessary steps to protect your account.

How to Avoid Phishing Scams

Here are some practical steps you can take to avoid being a victim of phishing scams:

1. Keep your antivirus and anti-malware software up-to-date.

2. Use two-factor authentication whenever possible.

3. Ensure that your internet and email provider uses a spam filter.

4. Be wary of any emails asking for personal or sensitive information.

5. Only use trusted devices and networks when accessing sensitive information.

6. Check your bank or credit card statement regularly to identify suspicious activities.

7. Educate yourself and others about phishing scams to prevent individuals from being victims.


Phishing scams are a sophisticated form of cybercrime that can have devastating consequences, including financial loss and identity theft. However, by following simple steps such as being cautious of clicking on links or attachments, scrutinizing URLs and email senders' addresses, and adopting safe online practices, you can keep your information safe and avoid phishing scams. Remember, it is always better to be safe than sorry.

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