Protecting Your Company: Importance of Security Controls Explained

At its core, security control is about protecting an organization's critical assets. It encompasses a wide range of practices, policies, technologies, and procedures that safeguard an organization's information, systems, and infrastructure from cyber threats, breaches, and attacks. In today's digital age, security control has become a critical component of organizational management, and it is no longer an optional or nice-to-have strategy, but rather a necessity.

To understand what security control is, it is important to first establish what security means. Security is the state of being protected from harm, loss, or unauthorized access. It involves protecting assets, including both tangible and intangible, from theft, damage, or any other form of harm. In the context of an organization, security is about safeguarding the company's assets, such as its customer data, intellectual property, financial records, and employee information, among others.

Security control, on the other hand, refers to the measures taken by organizations to prevent or mitigate the risks of security breaches or incidents. It comprises a set of techniques, guidelines, and best practices that help in identifying, assessing, and mitigating security risks. The ultimate goal of security control is to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of an organization's assets, thereby safeguarding the company's reputation, financial stability, and regulatory compliance requirements.

Types of Security Controls

There are three primary types of security controls, namely administrative, technical, and physical controls. Each of these control types plays a critical role in protecting an organization's assets, and they work in concert to ensure that security risks are minimized.

Administrative Controls

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Administrative controls refer to the policies, procedures, and guidelines that govern an organization's security posture. They are put in place to provide a framework for the organization's security processes, and they help in establishing the roles and responsibilities of employees, contractors, and vendors. Examples of administrative controls include security policies and procedures, risk assessments, security awareness training, background checks, and incident response plans.

Technical Controls

Technical controls, also known as logical controls, are the measures that are implemented in hardware, software, and systems to protect an organization's assets. They include access controls, encryption, firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPS), antivirus software, and data loss prevention (DLP) systems. Technical controls aim to detect and prevent security incidents from happening, limit the exposure of critical assets to security threats, and ensure that unauthorized access is prevented or detected.

Physical Controls

Physical controls are the measures that an organization implements to protect its physical assets, such as buildings, servers, and equipment. These controls are critical in protecting an organization's assets from theft, damage, or unauthorized access. Examples of physical controls include security fences, locks, security cameras, biometric identification systems, and security guards.

Why Security Control is Important

The importance of security control cannot be overstated, especially in today's digitally interconnected world. Cybersecurity threats are more prevalent than ever, and organizations that do not take proactive measures to protect their assets are putting themselves at risk of cyberattacks, data breaches, and financial losses.

In addition to the direct financial impacts of cyber incidents, there are also reputational risks associated with poor security practices. Customers, investors, and other stakeholders expect organizations to take security seriously, and any data breach or cybersecurity incident can do irreparable damage to an organization's reputation and long-term viability.

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Furthermore, security controls are required by many regulatory frameworks, such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS). Failing to comply with these regulations can lead to hefty fines and legal penalties, further damaging an organization's reputation and financial stability.

Real-Life Examples of Security Control in Action

The importance of security control can be understood better by examining real-life examples of security incidents and how security controls could have prevented them.

The Equifax data breach of 2017 is an example of how poor security control can lead to a catastrophic cyber incident. Equifax, one of the largest consumer credit reporting agencies, suffered a data breach that exposed the personal information of 143 million people. The breach was caused due to the company's failure to patch known vulnerabilities within its web application software, as well as inadequate security controls in place.

On the other hand, the WannaCry ransomware attack of 2017 is an example of how effective security control can mitigate the risks of cyber incidents. The attack affected over 200,000 computers in 150 countries, causing millions of dollars in damages. However, organizations that had implemented technical controls, such as the latest security patches and antivirus software, were not affected by the attack.


Security control is a critical component of organizational management. It encompasses a wide range of policies, procedures, technologies, and practices that help in protecting an organization's critical assets from cyber threats, breaches, and attacks. There are three primary types of security controls, namely administrative, technical, and physical controls, each playing a critical role in protecting an organization's assets. The importance of security control cannot be overstated, and organizations that fail to take proactive measures to protect their assets are exposing themselves to significant risks.

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