Preparing for the Worst: The Basics of Business Continuity Planning

What Is a Business Continuity Plan?

Business continuity planning (BCP) is an essential aspect of any organization. It is a systematic process that ensures that a company can continue operating or quickly recover in the event of an unexpected disruption. From natural disasters to cybersecurity breaches, BCP prepares a company to respond to these types of events.

The Importance of Business Continuity Planning

Businesses face numerous risks that can cause disruptions in normal operations. These risks include natural disasters like earthquakes or flooding, cybersecurity attacks, loss of key personnel, and supplier-backed disruptions. If these risks are not properly addressed, they can result in lost revenue, reputational damage, and even business failure.

Business continuity planning helps mitigate these risks by preparing companies to not only respond to, but also recover from disruptive events. Having a BCP in place helps ensure that the company can quickly return to normal operations, maintain a competitive edge, and minimize losses.

Essential Elements of a Business Continuity Plan

A BCP is made up of several elements that work together to ensure that the organization can continue operating during a disruption. These elements include:

1. Business Impact Analysis (BIA)

BCP begins with a BIA, which identifies the critical business processes and systems that support them. A BIA also prioritizes these processes in terms of their impact on the business, to ensure that the most critical operations are given the highest level of protection.

2. Risk Assessment

Risk assessment is the process of identifying potential threats to the business and their likelihood of occurrence, as well as the potential impact of such threats. A risk assessment can help identify areas of the organization that are most likely to experience disruptions.

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3. Strategy Development and Planning

Based on the results of the business impact analysis and risk assessment, the BCP team can develop recovery strategies to maintain critical operations during a disruption. These strategies may include relocating employees to alternate work locations, establishing redundant IT systems, and establishing emergency communication channels.

4. Communications Plan

Effective communication is critical during a disruption. A communications plan outlines the steps that the organization will take to keep employees, customers, and stakeholders informed during a disruption.

5. Testing and Training

Once the BCP is developed, it is essential to test it regularly. Testing identifies weaknesses in the plan and allows for corrective action to be taken. Regular training ensures that employees are familiar with the BCP and know their roles during a disruption.

Real-Life Examples of Business Continuity Planning

One of the most prominent examples of the importance of BCP occurred during the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Many organizations were unable to continue operating because they did not have a plan in place. However, companies that had established BCPs were able to continue operations and recover quickly.

Another example is during Hurricane Harvey in 2017. The Houston Methodist Hospital had a comprehensive BCP in place and was able to quickly evacuate patients and staff, relocate employees to alternate locations, and continue providing medical care to patients in need. The hospital's CEO credited the BCP with the successful response to the disaster.


Business continuity planning is an essential aspect of any organization, regardless of its size or industry. BCP ensures that companies can continue operating or quickly recover from unexpected disruptions, minimizing damage and loss. The process of developing a BCP includes identifying critical business processes, evaluating risks and developing recovery strategies, creating a communications plan, and testing the plan regularly.

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Real-life examples of business continuity planning highlight the importance of having a BCP in place. Organizations that have established BCPs are more likely to continue operating and recover quickly during disruptive events. Businesses without a plan may face significant losses in revenue, damage to reputation, and even failure. It is essential for organizations to prioritize BCP and ensure that they are prepared to respond to any disruptions that may arise.

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